How Can Computer and Internet Help in Law Enforcement?

The new century has started with a milestone in the development and technology. With the increased popularity of internet functions, cyber crime and theft have emerged as a new propaganda. Apart from online crimes, the computer technology has enabled criminals to break the law and order force with the help of sophisticated instruments. Thus, there had to be the inclusion of computer and technology in the law and order force. Now, developed countries like UK, USA, Germany, France, China, etc. use the scientific instruments such as CCTV cameras to detect the criminal forces. This has become possible only with the introduction of computers. Computers surround all the spheres of a human’s life.

Virtual reality has been a mile stone in the law enforcement. Virtual reality is like a 4D film in which you feel almost as near to the original scene that has happened. This helps during the case solving in a court where the witness tells the scene of the crime in as much detail as he saw it and it is being projected on the screen to match the original scenario that has happened.

Other important achievement that has been made is ‘on site’. This term explains that the police officers and investigators have different tablet PCs or note books in their squad cars which could detect the people, etc. they have databases and other software through which they could carry the interviews and thoughts of people about the crime and send immediate reports to the head office or any law and enforcement controlling official when the scene of the crime is still fresh. Mobile electronics have also proves to be very use full because they can catalog, transfer or copy the evidence at the crime scene and can be managed and processed immediately after it reaches the head department of police station. Other technology like crime scene detectors are able to copy or identify the finger prints at the moment thus enabling the other officers to move fast in the matter and help the police gain full access to the criminals.

Improved telecommunication have allowed reliable and fast mode of communication between different departments of law and order. There can be sending and receiving of the encrypted messages so that no body except then the actual receiver can read the message. Digital radio frequencies are being used by the police department so that there can be easy communication even during the peak hours or when the signals are jammed because of the crime.

LPRT and DNA technologies have also contributed a great deal to the crime detection. LPRT stands for license plate reader technology. This technology uses OCR (optical character recognition) which captures the images. This gives the opportunity to the police officers to track the cars or other vehicles that were present at the crime scene. The DNA technology combines DNA and computer technology to combat violent crime. The DNA that is collected at the crime scene is tested against the output of DNA given by the computers. This helps in the tracking of the actual criminals.

All these factors have contributed to the betterment and enhance of the law and detection of criminal activities to discourage the criminals from these activities and warn them in the future so that the country can remain stable entirely.

Criminal Case Law Counts Are Significantly Down in 2010 and 2011 – But Why?

Generally speaking as the economy turns south, crime goes way up. Well, usually that is true of course, but right now the criminal courts are not packed with criminals and their criminal lawyers trying to get them off the hook. Oh, sure there are some cases, there will always be crime, after all we don’t live in the future with all the special crime fighting units we say in Minority Report, but remarkably crime has gone down, not up with the recession. Why you ask?

Well, that’s just it, no one knows, or maybe someone does, but they are not saying. Let’s discuss all this shall we? There was an interesting article recently in the New York Times titled; “Steady Decline in Major Crime Baffles Experts” by Richard A. Oppel, Jr. and also contributing to that piece was Joseph Goldstein (published on May 23, 2011). The article stated;

“The number of violent crimes in the United States dropped significantly last year, to what appeared to be the lowest rate in nearly 40 years, a development that was considered puzzling partly because it ran counter to the prevailing expectation that crime would increase during a recession.”

Now, not all areas or all cities experienced reduced crime and criminal cases, but most all did. We asked out think thank why this was, and I started with some theories of my own such as;

1. More Personal Tech Devices with Digital Cameras
2. All the Detective Shows on TV with CSI style investigations
3. Solar Minimum with less agitating solar flares and increased frequency
4. Crimes of Rage committed mostly by Youth who cannot control temper – changing demographics

Okay so, let’s look at all these things, why gives, and why are criminal lawyers getting less work these days, and why have the crimes gone down so drastically? First, if more folks are running around with digital cameras, that means the chances of a criminal getting caught go way up, and so the smarter criminals skip their crimes, and the dumb ones are getting caught, and pulled off the streets.

Second, with all the detective shows on TV there is a bigger perception that if you commit a crime, you’ll get caught, and that perception prevents more violent type crimes. Third, some have speculated that solar flares during solar maximums make people crazy, or that Global Warming is causing more cloud cover and the full-moon is less visible, thus, less full-moon crimes. Personally, I think that’s a crazy notion and anyone purporting such is full of it.

The changing demographics of an older average population would make sense, and those statistical charts do seem to correspond with lower crime rates, or maybe it’s just a combination of things. But it’s definitely something to keep in mind if you are a criminal lawyer looking for work. Please consider all this and think on it.

Serious Crimes Committed By a Minor

The unfortunate truth is that even minors can commit serious and harmful crimes. Young people are often involved in violent crimes, whether because of gang influence or other social pressures. In fact, a report published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics posted that in criminal courts juveniles were almost three times as likely to be charged with violent felonies if brought to court. This trend may be due to the shocking and harmful nature of these crimes.

In some states, there are several types of cases that can result in minors being placed in residential treatment facilities for extended periods of time. The nature of the crime and the intention of the convicted minor has a great deal to do with how the case is adjudicated, but there are certain crimes that will most certainly be pursued to the fullest extent of the law.

Many of these crimes are considered serious because of their intention, such as aggravated robbery, aggravated assault, and aggravated child abuse. Others are considered serious crimes because of the devastating results like arson, kidnapping, sexual assault, and murder. In fact, some states will allow a minor to be tried as an adult if the nature, severity, and the maturity of the convicted party are deemed to be significant.

The results of these trials can have a lasting impact on the life of a minor. Especially if a violent crime committed by a minor is adjudicated as an adult case, the long-term affects can follow the person for their entire lives. Because of the long-lasting and detrimental results of such a conviction, it is crucial that the court acts responsibly in these types of cases.

A thorough and competent defense is crucial in any violent crime case, and a conviction of a minor is no exception. For more information on serious crimes committed by a minor, please visit the website of West Palm Beach juvenile defense lawyers at Klein & Associates.

Psychological Effects of Violent Criminals

The field of Psychology is the study of the human mind. It attempts to explain how a person thinks regarding different things. It is a very vast field. Psychology also includes exploring how different organisms behave in various situations.

If we look around us and examine the crime rate, we’ll realize that crime has risen around us along with the level of violence associated with it. Looking at a number of recent vicious crimes, it is almost impossible to believe that a human being is capable of doing such violent things. For example, people have been caught in the past that have done massive killings, so what is the motivation behind this? Is this because of their nature? Is it because of their family background, or because they grew up in an environment where such things are not taken seriously.

Family background can only be a consideration if their nuclear family members’ have been engaged in the same violent activities. But we have seen such criminals whose family history was as clean as crystal, so a violent family background can’t entirely justify the reason for violent crime.

If not family background then is it their nature which forces one to commit such heinous crimes? If yes, then what makes, or changes a person’s nature?

Some feel that it is the influence of society that have changed their psychology and, hence, their nature. Societal pressures play an important role in building and changing the character of a person and eventually their attitude and psychology. An illiterate society is one of the most promising reasons that can change a human being into an animal.

There are many theories as to what motivates individuals to commit crimes. There can be hundreds of motives of why criminals carry out unlawful acts, some do it for survival, some do it to make them rich, and some do it because of vengeance and numerous others.

Committing crime for survival can’t be termed a violent crime as these types of crimes do not reflect ones true character, but merely their desire to continue living. In any case unlawful acts with the goal to make individuals rich or to gain some other benefit of the same nature can be termed as violent if they are done with intent. However crimes committed such as killing of people out of revenge or to gain benefits are termed as violent crimes since life is a precious gift which can’t be taken back once given away.

Criminals, because of society and their nature, are irresponsible, short tempered and lack patience. They tend to take shortcuts instead of putting the hard work in to achieve goals. In this procedure they begin carrying out wrongdoings, and if the motives are bigger, then the intensity of the crime also gets bigger escalating them to violent crimes. (Signorielli, 1990)

There is another theory which states that crimes are committed due to the differences in the social classes. Mostly in the undeveloped countries the elite class makes the laws and the poor are forced to follow them. This builds up a feeling of scorn among the poor and in some people this thing gets so violent that they start disobeying those laws entirely, eventually escalating to committing serious crimes.

A society in which a person grew up in is criminal in nature, it does not follow necessarily that everybody in that society to will be a criminal. A criminal becomes so because he or she chooses to commit a crime. In under developed nations, where the proficiency rate is poor and is having lack of information, a person can say that society may compel its inhabitants to commit crime with them. Still, even in those societies, if a person has a will not to commit crime, then he or she will not commit it (Moffitt, 1993).

Some people commit crime without good reason. Such people have some sort of mental disorder which compels them to carry out wrongdoings. It is to fulfill their frustration that they commit crime without having any particular motive. Such people should consult with good psychologists. Such people need medical attention more than physical punishment.

Criminals having a mental disorder is not just common to the poor. If we look around in the recent past we come across many examples in which members of the parliament have been arrested in committing crimes in different countries. Already having everything yet desiring to have more is what this mental disorder is for these sorts of people. People having mental disorders could be the reason of not getting due attention in their childhood or getting insulted by family or by society.

REFRENCES

Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course-persistent antisocial behavior: a developmental taxonomy. Psychological review, 100(4), 674.

Signorielli, N., & Morgan, M. (1990). Cultivation analysis: New directions in media effects research (Vol. 108). Sage Publications, Inc.

Consensual Crimes – Not Actual Crimes

While numerous violent criminals and white-collar criminals roam free, and innocent people rot in prison and on death row for crimes they didn’t commit, law-enforcement resources are used to destroy the lives of consenting adults who do not harm anyone. One article I ready suggested that approximately four million people are arrested each year and 350,000 are in prison for consensual crimes.

I am considering a “consensual crime” to be defined as a criminal act committed by two or more people, who consent to involvement, and does not involve any non-consenting individuals. The following is a non-exclusive list of criminal acts that could be considered consensual between the parties: prostitution, adultery, homosexual conduct, sodomy, gambling, some drug use (marijuana), and assisted suicide.

Another name for these sort of “crimes” may be victimless crimes, because they do not harm anyone as they have no impact on a person other than those who chose to engage in the activity. Thus, there is no victim.

When people are arrested for those crimes, their ability to remain employed is jeopardized. A conviction and prison sentence virtually guarantees the loss of their livelihoods. Upon release from prison, the criminal record may impede their ability to find new jobs.

Even if they are not convicted of a crime, the arrest record alone can significantly harm their lives. It too can lead to loss of jobs and difficulty finding new ones, and it may interfere with other aspects of their lives, such as the ability to obtain credit, purchase a car, rent an apartment, maintain custody of children or to vote.

Thus, the financial impact of either a conviction or arrest may mean these people need long-term assistance from government or charities. Or they may resort to serious crime based on what they learned from real criminals while incarcerated. This is all a huge drain on the economy and is in addition to the costs of arresting, prosecuting, and imprisoning them.

To avoid conviction and prison, the accused may have to spend thousands of dollars on legal fees. For certain crimes, the amounts can run to tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars. When faced with the possibility of causing financial ruin to themselves and their families, some contemplate suicide and may see it as the only way out. If this is the action the accused takes, that impacts society from the loss of productivity, and more importantly, it impacts the family and friends of the accused.

Government causes all this turmoil in the lives of consenting adults to “protect” them from possible consequences that might occur to them – and them alone – from their own freely chosen acts.

Because these arrests devastate the lives of harmless people, a strong argument can be made that Christian mercy, along with the mercy taught by other religions and philosophies, is reason enough for leaving consenting adults alone, but the irony rarely seen is that often it is in the name of Christian principles that these laws exist or are pursued….

Law-enforcement resources are wasted investigating consensual acts

Government’s focus on consensual acts leads to more unethical conduct in another way. To the extent law-enforcement resources are used against consenting adults, there is a corresponding reduction in the resources available for apprehending criminals that pose a true threat to society-those criminals who would cause harm to others and only seek to benefit themselves.

An enormous need exists to increase efforts to arrest those who harm the innocent. They victimize someone every two seconds in the United States, and five out of six Americans may someday be victims of violent crime. According to author Peter McWilliams, arrests are being made for only about 20% of crimes committed against persons or property. He also says one in six murderers gets away, eight of ten burglars aren’t arrested, and only 5% of forcible rapes lead to prison time.

McWilliams further reports that $10 billion in personal property is stolen each year and never recovered. Billions more are illicitly obtained through white-collar crime. Even if the person is not harmed, if the victim files an insurance claim or takes action to recover damages, this alone ties up resources and takes resources from the economy, causing an impact that was definitely undesired.

Using law-enforcement resources against consensual acts also makes the U.S. more vulnerable to terrorism. According to The 9/11 Commission Report, in 2000 there were twice as many FBI agents assigned to enforcing drug laws than assigned to counterterrorism. The FBI’s head of counterterrorism told the Commission he wishes he’d had “500 analysts looking at Osama Bin Ladin . . . instead of two.” And former Vice President Al Gore charged that prior to the September 11 attacks, the Bush administration’s Justice Department had more FBI agents investigating a suspected brothel in New Orleans than monitoring Bin Ladin and al Qaeda.

There obviously is a strong need for law enforcement to improve its responses to real crimes committed against persons or property. Yet each year in the U.S., law enforcement applies some $50 billion to arrest, prosecute, and lock up persons who commit consensual crimes. Some estimates are that roughly half of all law-enforcement resources are used in connection with consensual crimes.

Those resources could go a long way toward remedying the current deficiencies in law enforcement’s handling of more serious crimes. Due to this misallocation of resources, many violent and sociopathic criminals are able to escape justice and continue preying on the public. The same principle applies to white-collar criminals who may never be detected… lest we forget the Enron and WorldCom scandals.